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:: Volume 22, Issue 77 (5-2022) ::
جغرافیایی 2022, 22(77): 161-186 Back to browse issues page
Emphasis on spatial justice by explaining the conceptual framework of the responsive environment to the gender-based needs of students
Delaram Sheikh1, Hossein Zabihi *2, Farah Habib3
1- Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Urban Development, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran (Corresponding Author(
3- Professor, Department of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (990 Views)
One of the main concepts studied in geographical sciences is geographical space. Each of the different dimensions of space forms a subject in this science field. Humans have been creating artificial changes in the geographical environment for many years by creating built environments. One of the crucial dimensions of space is the physical dimension. As a built geographical space, the university has a conspicuous role in developing students’ individual and social personalities. Many of students’ interaction emerges on the campus. According to spatial justice, women should have an equal right to presence in public spaces. One factor diminishing their presence is the improper design and non-responsivity of the environment to their needs. This study aims to provide a framework to improve the status quo of university campus open space in Iran and increase spatial justice by creating equal presence opportunities and answering these two questions: What is the difference between the needs of men and women concerning the environment? And what are the Factors of a responsive environment to meet the different needs of the two sexes? For this purpose, four areas of “The factors of public space quality,” spatial justice,” “spatial rights of users,” “sex and gender-based needs” were extracted from the existing literature and examined by qualitative content analysis. After matching the texts and finding common internal meanings, analyzing and separating, integrating them, and obtaining the fundamental factors, CVR and CVI questionnaires were sent to ten experts to check the necessity and relevance of each obtained factor and criterion. After performing the calculations according to the experts, the necessary corrections were made and a new conceptual framework in three general physical, functional, and perceptional dimensions and in the five components of “security,” “accessibility,” “comfort,” “diversity,” and “aesthetics,” along with criteria and sub-criteria; as the “results” of research; Explained. This research helps architects, designers, planners, and policymakers design an environment that responds to the needs of all students. As a research agenda, this framework could also be the starting point for further empirical research for future researchers.
Keywords: Responsive environment, gender-based needs, students, spatial justice, university campus open space
Full-Text [PDF 1543 kb]   (207 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/12/18 | Accepted: 2022/02/8 | Published: 2022/05/23
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Sheikh D, Zabihi H, Habib F. Emphasis on spatial justice by explaining the conceptual framework of the responsive environment to the gender-based needs of students. جغرافیایی. 2022; 22 (77) :161-186
URL: http://geographical-space.iau-ahar.ac.ir/article-1-3934-en.html


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Volume 22, Issue 77 (5-2022) Back to browse issues page
فضای جغرافیایی Geographic Space
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