:: Volume 17, Number 57 (6-2017) ::
2017, 17(57): 213-234 Back to browse issues page
Investigating factor affecting on settlement tendency among nomads households in Samirom County
Abstract:   (453 Views)

Nomads’ settlement programs as a nomads community development strategies with the aim of deprivation and providing better service has been on the agenda of different governments. On the other hand, tend to settle among nomadic households affected by various factors. Hence present research investigate factor affecting on settlement among nomads households in Samirom County. The target population includes all the 4845 nomads households in Samirom County in which 130 households selected as samples of this research. Stratified sampling method with appropriate allocation among nomadic tribes was used to select samples. A questionnaire was used in order to collect data and its face and content validity was verified using comments of faculty members and experts from Samirom Nomads Organization and reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed according to calculate Cronbach's alpha for settlement tendency (0.681), perception of settlement attraction (0.903) and perception o nomad repulsion (0.718). Results showed that 32.3 percent of households were more tend to settlement and 40.8 percent were mediate tend to settlements. In order to determine direct and indirect effects of independent variables such on settlement tendency (as dependent variable) the path analysis techniques by calculate multiple regression was employed. The results of path analysis showed that variables “perception settlement attraction” have most positive impact (with path coefficient 0.656), “perception o nomad repulsion” (0.257), “education” (0.222), “settlement of relative people” (0.158), “households size" (0.111) and variables such "number of livestock" (-0.229) and “nomads income” (-0148) have most negative impact on final dependent variable settlement tendency. The overall results showed that the decision to settle among the nomadic families was carried out in the framework of rational choice theory in order to maximize profit or personal gain.

Keywords: Nomad settlement, settlement tendency, settlement attraction, nomad repulsion, nomad household, Samirom County
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/06/8 | Accepted: 2015/12/17 | Published: 2017/06/8

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Volume 17, Number 57 (6-2017) Back to browse issues page