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:: Volume 20, Issue 70 (8-2020) ::
جغرافیایی 2020, 20(70): 61-89 Back to browse issues page
The Survey of Physical Factors Affecting onVillagers Sense Security in Rural Settlements (Case Study: Binaloud County)
Aliakbar Anabestani *1, Mahdi Javanshiri1
1- Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Abstract:   (987 Views)

One of the basic human needs for the life of the security, much of it Shape of security in residential spaces. The researchers believe that factors such as social, economic, cultural, etc. are effective in creating a sense of security, among which we can mention the physical effects can be mentioned. The purpose of this study was to investigate physical factors affecting the sense of security of villagers in rural settlements on Binaloud County, using the approach "Crime Prevention through Environmental Design" or CPTED. This study is an applied one conducted in a descriptive-analytical method. In order to evaluate the factors affecting physical security, the opinions of 16 experts to estimate the level of physical security feeling the villagers, residents of 8 villages were questioning Binalud County, that of rural households in 5766, the sample size of 190 households were selected method stratified random sampling. In this study, using fuzzy hierarchical analysis were determined impact factors 9 index affecting the safety of the physical environment villagers and it was determined that quality passages factor with 24.3 percent had the greatest impact on the safety of the physical environment. Then, based on rank correlation analysis model GRA, rural settlements were ranked in terms of emotions and physical security, the results showed that the Virani village have been conditions better than other sample villages and has been ranked first in terms of the sense of physical security, and Sarasiab village is at the lowest level of physical security is felt. One sample T-test results showed unsuitable conditions are indicators of quality of streets and visual proportions in selected villages, and Suitable conditions indices vegetation cover and informal monitoring to increase the sense of physical security.

Keywords: Feeling of security, Approach to CPTED, Environmental design, Gray relational analysis model, Binalud County
Full-Text [PDF 1508 kb]   (187 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/02/26 | Accepted: 2017/11/28 | Published: 2020/08/31
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Anabestani A, Javanshiri M. The Survey of Physical Factors Affecting onVillagers Sense Security in Rural Settlements (Case Study: Binaloud County). جغرافیایی. 2020; 20 (70) :61-89
URL: http://geographical-space.iau-ahar.ac.ir/article-1-2840-en.html

Volume 20, Issue 70 (8-2020) Back to browse issues page
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