[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 20, Issue 71 (11-2020) ::
جغرافیایی 2020, 20(71): 75-101 Back to browse issues page
A new hybrid model for emergency location problem after earthquake in Mashhad
Zahra Najiazimi Dr1, Farshid Esmaeili kakhki Mr *1, Alireza Pooya Dr1, Ahmad Tavakoli Dr1
1- ferdowsi university
Abstract:   (209 Views)
Earthquakes can cause significant disruption and devastation in communities. Especially, Iran is one of the countries with the most natural hazards, while earthquake causes most of casualties in this country for several reasons including the inappropriate construction methods, the improper physical growth and the lack of minimum necessary requirement. Mashhad is a city located in the northeast of Iran, the center and capital of Razavi Khorasan Province and the second largest populated city after Tehran. This city because of the high-density housing and the absence of urban development plans in worn-out context is facing a more serious risk. In this study a new hybrid method has been proposed for emergency location problem. First, a system dynamics model for the urban has been used to estimate the number of damaged buildings by focusing on construction and population subsystems. Second, the number of earthquake casualty has been estimated by the casualty estimation model of Coburn and Spence, while the output of system dynamics model is the most important inputs of this model. This method is implemented for different possible earthquake scenarios in Mashhad. Each scenario has been defined based on the length of active fault, the acceleration of activity and the greatness of the quake. Third, the Geographical Information System (GIS) has been used to specify the potential emergency location centers to cover the population. Finally, the location allocation model has been presented to locate the emergency location centers cover the survivors. The results of this hybrid model showed that we need at most 231 emergengency locations in the worst case and the minimum needed locations is 93. 
 
Keywords: System dynamics modeling, Coburn and Spence equation, location allocation problem, Earthquake
Full-Text [PDF 1159 kb]   (47 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/12/1 | Accepted: 2019/05/28 | Published: 2020/11/30
References
1. Absalan, A., Kongi, A., (2015), "The research report of crisis management system in the smart city Mashhad", Mashhad: IT Organizations Mashhad Municipality. [In Persian].
2. Ahadnejad, M., (2014), "The modeling of the city vulnerability with AHP and GIS in Zanjan", Geography and Development Iranian Journal, 19: 13-49. [In Persian].
3. Barbarian, M., Gharashi, M., (1990), "The deep research on seismic hazard in Mashhad fault", Tehran: Geological Survey of Iran, Report, 72. [In Persian].
4. Akbari, M., Abbaszadeh, Gh., Amini, A., (2014), "The vulnerability of Mashhad based on global experiments", Journal of Sustainable Development, 3: 7-23. [In Persian].
5. Khakpoor, B., Hayati, S., Kazemi, M., Rabbani, Gh., (2014), "The city vulnerability assessment with fuzzy AHP", Journal of Environmental Control, 22: 21-38. [In Persian]. - Forrester, J. W., (1969), "Urban dynamics", The M.I.T. press: Cambridge, Massachusetts. .
6. Akgün, I., Gümüşbuğa, F., Tansel, D., (2015), "Risk based facility location by using fault tree analysis in disaster management", Omega, 52:168-179. [DOI:10.1016/j.omega.2014.04.003]
7. Barzinpour, F., Esmaeili, V., (2014), "A multi-objective relief chain location distribution model for urban disaster management", Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol, 70 (5-8):1291-1302. [DOI:10.1007/s00170-013-5379-x]
8. Bayram, V., Tansel, B., Yaman, H., (2015), "Compromising system and user interests in shelter location and evacuation planning", Transp. Res. Part B: Methodol, 72: 146-163. [DOI:10.1016/j.trb.2014.11.010]
9. Bozorgi-Amiri, M. S., Jabalameli, S. M., Al-e-Hashem, A., (2015), "Multi-objective robust stochastic programming model for disaster relief logistics under uncertainty", OR Spectr, 35 (4): 905-933. [DOI:10.1007/s00291-011-0268-x]
10. Chang, M. S., Tseng, Y. L., Chen, J.W., (2007), "A scenario planning approach for the flood emergency logistics preparation problem under uncertainty", Transp. Res. Part E: Logist. Transp. Rev, 43 (6): 737-754. [DOI:10.1016/j.tre.2006.10.013]
11. Chanta, S., Sangsawang, O., (2012), "Shelter-site selection during flood disaster", Lect. Notes Manag. Sci, 4 : 282-288.
12. Chen, Z., Chen, X., Li, Q., Chen, J., (2013), "The temporal hierarchy of shelters: a hierarchical location model for earthquake-shelter planning", Int. J. Geogr. Inf. Sci, 27 (8): 1612-1630. [DOI:10.1080/13658816.2013.763944]
13. Das, R., Hanaoka, S., (2013), "Robust network design with supply and demand uncertainties in humanitarian logistics", J. East. Asia Soc. Transp. Stud, 10:954-969.
14. Dekle, J., Lavieri, M. S., Martin, E., Emir-Farinas, H., Francis, R. L., (2005), "A Florida county locates disaster recovery centers", Interfaces, 35 (2): 133-139. [DOI:10.1287/inte.1050.0127]
15. Dessouky, M., Ordonez, F., Jia, H., Shen, Z., (2013), "Rapid distribution of medical supplies Patient Flow", Springer: Newyork. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4614-9512-3_16]
16. Feng, C. M., Wen, C. C., (2005), "A bi-level programming model for allocating private and emergency vehicle flows in seismic disaster areas", Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 5 (5): 1408-1423.
17. Hong, J. D., Xie, Y., Jeong, K. Y., (2012), "Development and evaluation of an integrated emergency response facility location model", J. Ind. Eng. Manag, 5 (1) : 4-16. [DOI:10.3926/jiem.415]
18. Verma, A., Gaukler, G. M., (2015), "Pre-positioning disaster response facilities at safe locations: an evaluation of deterministic and stochastic modeling approaches", Comput. Oper. Res, 62: 197-209. [DOI:10.1016/j.cor.2014.10.006]
19. Ye, F., Zhao, Q., Xi, M., Dessouky, M., (2015), "Chinese national emergency warehouse location research based on VNS algorithm", Electron. Notes Discret. Math, 47: 61-68. [DOI:10.1016/j.endm.2014.11.009]
20. Lin, Y. H., Batta, R., Rogerson, P. A., Blatt, A., Flanigan, M., (2012), "Location of temporary depots to facilitate relief operations after an earthquake", Socio-Econ. Plan. Sci, 46 (2): 112-123. [DOI:10.1016/j.seps.2012.01.001]
21. Bozorgi-Amiri, A., Jabalameli, M. S., Al-e-Hashem, S. M., (2013), "A multi-objective robust stochastic programming model for disaster relief logistics under uncertainty", OR Spectr, 35 (4): 905-933. [DOI:10.1007/s00291-011-0268-x]
22. Kilci, F., Kara, B. Y., Bozkaya, B., (2016), "Locating temporary shelter areas after an earthquake: a case for Turkey", Eur. J. Oper. Res, 243 (1): 323-332. [DOI:10.1016/j.ejor.2014.11.035]
23. Kedchaikulrat, L., Lohatepanont, M., (2015), "Multi-objective location selection model for Thai red cross's relief warehouses", The Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 10: 14-26.
24. Marcelin, J. M., Horner, M. W., Ozguven, E. E., Kocatepe, A., (2016), "How does accessibility to post-disaster relief compare between the aging and the general population? A spatial network optimization analysis of hurricane relief facility locations", Int. J. Disaster Risk Reduct, 15: 61-72. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2015.12.006]
25. Pérez-Galarce, F., Canales, L. J., Vergara, C., Candia-Véjar, A., (2016), "An optimization model for the location of disaster refuges", Socio-Econ. Plan. Sci, 59: 56-66. [DOI:10.1016/j.seps.2016.12.001]
26. Murray, P. M., Mahmassani, H. S., (2017), "Model of household trip Chain sequencing in an emergency evacuation", Presented at 82nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, 9-10 May 2017, Washington, D. C.
27. Celik, E., Nezir, A., Aleve, T., (2017), "A stochastic location and allocation model for critical items to response large-scale emergencies: A case of Turkey", An International Journal of Optimization and Control: Theories & Applications, 7: 1-15. [DOI:10.11121/ijocta.01.2017.00300]
28. Ramezankhani, A., Najafiyazdi, M., (2008), "A system dynamics approach on post-disaster management: a case study of Bam earthquake", System dynamics conference, Bahonar University Kerman: Iran, 3 desember 2004.
29. Coburn, A., Spence, R., (2002), "Earthquake protection", John Wiley and Sons: West Sussex, England. [DOI:10.1002/0470855185]
30. Earthquake Research and Environmental Centre of Tehran and International cooperation agency of Japan (Jaika), (2002), Micro-size earth quake of Tehran, final report Tehran: Jeologly organization of Iran.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

najiazimi Z, esmaeili kakhki F, pooya A, tavakoli A. A new hybrid model for emergency location problem after earthquake in Mashhad. جغرافیایی. 2020; 20 (71) :75-101
URL: http://geographical-space.iau-ahar.ac.ir/article-1-3380-en.html


Volume 20, Issue 71 (11-2020) Back to browse issues page
فضای جغرافیایی Geographic Space
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.16 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4275