[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 19, Issue 65 (6-2019) ::
جغرافیایی 2019, 19(65): 17-36 Back to browse issues page
Evaluate the effect Geo Hydrological drought on groundwater quality for agricultural purposes (Case Study: Marand plain)
Abstract:   (3142 Views)

Abstract Groundwater quality assessment is important for the management of the agricultural industry with the aim of using these resources in agriculture. Purpose of this research is studying the effect of decline the water table on groundwater quality of Marand plain using geographical information system (GIS) for water needed of Agriculture. In this research, successive periods of Hydrogeological drought were detected using SWI index in 6 periods (6, 9, 12, 18, 24 and 48 months) in Marand plain in West Azerbaijan. For this purpose, water quality data of 70 wells and monthly water levels data in 23 wells in the period of 2001-2011 was used. The maps were produced by kriging in Arc GIS software. Results showed that groundwater drought has not happened a in studied area randomly and its focus in the West of aquifer is more than the East. Results of study based on electrical conductivity (EC), Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR) and Chlorine showed that water quality decreases from the center of aquifer toward its outlet so that at the end of aquifer , water quality become too salty. This situation is intensified in periods that are increased water withdrawal. Evaluation of water quality for agricultural purposes based on Wilcox diagram showed that in the drought 2010- 2011 of Marand plain about 44 percent of groundwater had more salty.

Keywords: Hydrological drought, SWI index, water quality, Marand plain
Full-Text [PDF 1095 kb]   (762 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/07/5 | Accepted: 2016/02/4 | Published: 2019/06/15
References
1. - Abadeh, M., Onagh, M., Mosaedi, A., Zeinodin, A., (2006), "Evaluation of the effect of surface water deficit reduction on groundwater salinity Zeidabad region Sirjan ", Journal of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, 2: 18-27. ]In Persian[.
2. Abdi Nejad, GH., (2008), "Investigating the factors affecting desertification and drought", Forest and pasture, 78: 8-10. ]In Persian[.
3. Alizaheh, A., (2005), "Principles of applied hydrology", Mashhad: Publication of Imam Reza University.] In Persian[.
4. Arsalan, H., (2012), " Spatial and temporal mapping of groundwater salinity using ordinary kriging and indicator kriging:The case of Bafra plain, Turkey", Agricultural Water Management,113: 57-63. [DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2012.06.015]
5. Banejad, H., Mohebzadeh, H., (2012), "Evaluation of groundwater quality for preparation of water requirement for agriculture in Razan-Ghahavand plain by GIS", Journal of Geographical Space, (38): 99-110. ]In Persian[.
6. Bhuiyan, C., Singh, R. P., Kkogan, F. N.,(2006)," Monitoring drought dynamics in the aravalli region (India) using different indices based on ground and remote sensing data", International Journal of Applied Earth observation and Geoinformation, 8: 289-302. [DOI:10.1016/j.jag.2006.03.002]
7. El Yaouti, F., El Mandour, A., Khattach, D., Benavente, J., Kaufmann, O., (2009), "Salinization processes in the unconfined aquifer of Bou-Areg (NE Morocco): A geostatistical, geochemical, and tomographic study", Applied Geochemistry, 24 (1): 16-31. [DOI:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2008.10.005]
8. Haj Rasoliha, SH., (2003), "Water Quality for Agriculture (translation)", Tehran University Press Center. ]In Persian[.
9. Harasi, S., Asgharo Moghadam, A., Sedigh, H., (2011), "Investigation of groundwater quality changes due to the fall of the surface of the Azarshahr plain", The 30th Earth sciences conference, 1st to 3rd of March 2011, pp 1-6. ]In Persian[.
10. Hayes, M. J., Svoboda, M. D., Wilhite, D. A., Vanyarkho, O. V., (1999), "Monitoring the 1996 drought using the standardized precipitation index", Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 80: 429-438. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0477(1999)080<0429:MTDUTS>2.0.CO;2 [DOI:10.1175/1520-0477(1999)0802.0.CO;2]
11. Kiani, M., Taqbatabaie, S. M., Bahreyni, M., Keshavarz, A., (2011), "Zoning quality of groundwater for agricultural purposes using geostatistics (Case Study city Fasa)", 11th Irrigation and Evaporation Reduction Conference, Kerman, 18-20 February 2011, pp 1-7. ]In Persian[.
12. Malins, D., Metternicht, G., (2007), "Assesing the spatial extent of dryhand salinity through fuzzy modeling", Ecological Modeling, 193 (3-4): 387-411. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.08.044]
13. Mckee, B.T., Doesken, N. J., Kleist, J., (1993), "The relationship of drought frequency and duration to time scales", 8th conference on Applied Climatology, Anaheim CA, American Meteorological Society, 17-22 January 1993, pp 179-184.
14. Mohammad Rostami, Kh., Mohseni Saravi, M., Hesami, D., Rashidpour, M., Salmani, H., Farokzadeh, B., (2014), "Evaluation of groundwater quality in Mashhad city, using geostatistical methods in drought and wet periods", Journal of Applied Hydrology, 38: 49-57.
15. Nas, B., Berktay, A., (2010), "Groundwater quality mapping in urban groundwater using GIS", Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 160: 215 -227. [DOI:10.1007/s10661-008-0689-4]
16. Sener, E., Davraz, A., (2013), "Assessment of groundwater vulnerability based on a modified DRASTIC model, GIS and an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method: The case of Egirdir Lake basin (Isparta, Turkey)", Hydrogeology Journal, 21 (3): 701-714. [DOI:10.1007/s10040-012-0947-y]
17. Velayati, S., (2002), "Effect of water extraction from wells in salinity aquifer of forest plain (Torbat Heydarieh)", Geographical Researches Quarterly Journal, 17 (4): 91-105. ]In Persian[.
18. Veysie, SH., Hoshmand, A., Panahi, M., (2010), "Investigating the source of salinity of groundwater resources using GIS, Case Study: Gotvand Aghili plain", The third national conference on irrigation and drainage management, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz, 10 to 12 March 2010, pp 1-7.] In Persian[.
19. Zaiming, Z., Guanghui, Z., Mingjiang, Y., Jinzhe, W., (2012), "Spatial variability of the shallow groundwater level and its chemistry characteristics in the low plain around the Bohai Sea, North China", Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184 (6): 3697-3710. [DOI:10.1007/s10661-011-2217-1]
20. Zareian Jahromi, M., Naghizadeh, R., Mahmodi, SH., Heydari, A., (2007), " Evaluation of geostatistics to predict the spatial distribution of groundwater salinity (Yazd-Ardakan plain)", 4th National Conference on Watershed Engineering Sciences,1 to 2 March 2007, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, p 1-7. ]In Persian[.
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Evaluate the effect Geo Hydrological drought on groundwater quality for agricultural purposes (Case Study: Marand plain). جغرافیایی 2019; 19 (65) :17-36
URL: http://geographical-space.iau-ahar.ac.ir/article-1-1800-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 19, Issue 65 (6-2019) Back to browse issues page
فضای جغرافیایی Geographic Space
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.17 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4538