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:: Volume 19, Issue 68 (4-2019) ::
جغرافیایی 2019, 19(68): 95-110 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of the efficiency of Regional Climate Model (RegCM 4.3) in simulation of temperature and precipitation data in Iran during 2010-2015.
Mehdi Taghiloo *1, Bohloul Alijani2, Hossein Asakereh3
1- Kharazmi University
2- Kharazmi University Kharazmi University
3- Zanjan University
Abstract:   (2507 Views)

Introduction: The climate of the earth has begun to warming since 1980’s which has created very serious problems for the human living and natural environment. As a result the study of the global warming and its solutions has become the focal point of the climate change research all over the world. The climatologists are trying to understand, predict and finally give solutions to it. Many different models have been developed to predict and project the future climate conditions among which the Regional Climate Model is to some degree has lower values of uncertainty. The impacts of climate change is relatively higher in the
naturally dry climate of the Middle East including Iran. Here the main parameters of the climate that is temperature is increasing and precipitation decreasing. As a result the projection and understanding of these two elements are very important for the region and Iran. For this reason this studyhas focused on the efficiency of the Regional Climate Model in projecting the future climate of the region and Iran.
Data and Methods: In order to test the efficiency of RegCM 4.3the monthly temperature and precipitation
Data were extracted for the window 24N-40N and 43E-64E from the ECMWF database with spatial resolution of 2.5 degrees. These data were compared and corrected with the station data of Bandar Anzali, Bandar Boushehr, Mashad, Tehran, Yazd, Zahedan, Khorramabad and Zanjan . The simulated model data for RegCM 4.3were extracted for the same period and area with the same spatial resolution. Both data were transported into the Matlab environment and compared.
Results and Discussion: Results of simulated RegCM 4.3data were compared withobserved data of eight stations. The temperature data were slightly (about 2 degrees C) more than observed data. But the precipitation projections were somewhat complicated. The values of rainy stations such as Anzali were overestimated ( about 257 mm) while  that of most dry stations such as Zahedan were underestimated (about 58 mm).  But the RegCM 4.3 simulations were the same as the observed data inthe normal stations such as Zanjan. The results showed that the RegCM 4.3is suitable for projecting temperature data more than the precipitation. This is in agreement with the findings of many other studies. 

Keywords: Climate change, Precipitation, RegCM 4.3, Simulation, Temperature.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/04/15 | Accepted: 2017/12/24 | Published: 2020/05/18
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Taghiloo M, Alijani B, Asakereh H. Investigation of the efficiency of Regional Climate Model (RegCM 4.3) in simulation of temperature and precipitation data in Iran during 2010-2015.. جغرافیایی. 2019; 19 (68) :95-110
URL: http://geographical-space.iau-ahar.ac.ir/article-1-2880-en.html

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