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:: Volume 22, Issue 77 (5-2022) ::
جغرافیایی 2022, 22(77): 139-159 Back to browse issues page
Detection of relationship between snowy days in Ardabil province with bi-seasonal fluctuations of large-scale Atmospheric-Oceanic circulation patterns of Atlantic & pacific oceans
Bromand Salahi *
University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
Abstract:   (1905 Views)
Introduction
Atmospheric-oceanic macro scale phenomena have caused much of the worldchr('39')s climate change. Atmospheric-oceanic macro scale patterns are a suitable variable for predicting climatic elements, especially snowy days. In Ardebil province, light, semi-heavy and heavy snowfalls, in addition to local factors, are also related with Large-scale Atmospheric-oceanic circulation patterns. Forecasts for snow days in Ardabil province can provide by determinatiom of relationship between snowfalls and macro-scale phenomena of atmospheric-oceanic circulations in this province.
 
Materials & Methods
In this research, by snow days data of synoptic stations of Ardabil province as sample of climate of North West of Iran, statistical characteristics of snow days of this province was studied. The statistical period used in Ardebil, Khalkhal, Meshkinshahr and Pars Abad synoptic stations were 42, 31, 22 and 33 years from 1976, 1987, 1996 and 1985 to 2017, respectively. Independent two-sample T-test was used to compare the mean snow days of the stations under study. In this research, In addition to descriptive analysis, spearman correlation, order 6 polynomial and linear trend, multiple regression analysis based on backward method for determine of variability of snow days in Ardabil province by using 27 Large-scale Atmospheric-oceanic circulation pattern of Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Indicators of macro-scale atmospheric-ocean circulation phenomena used in this study were obtained from https://www.psl.noaa.gov/data/climateindices  which include: SOI, SENSO, EOF , MEI, NINA1, NINA3, NINA4, NINA3.4, ONI, PWP, TNI, EPO, NOI, NP, PDO, PNA, WP, AO, AMM, AMON, ATLTRI, CAR, NTA, TNA, TSA, WHWP and NAO.
 
Discussion of Results
The results showed that there is an average of about 35 days of snow at Ardabil station on an annual scale. The number of snow days in January, February, March, December, as well as annual scale, has an almost normal distribution. In Ardebil station, the relative normality of the distribution of the number of snow days on an annual scale and its similarity to December to March is due to the high share of snow days in these months in the composition of the number of annual snow days in this station. The coefficient of variation of most stations is also higher in May and October than in other months. Result of linear trend of snow days variability in Ardabil synoptic station shows a slow increase of snow days of this station. Snow days in most of the stations under study had significant correlations at 1% and 5% error levels by each there, which reflects the prevalence of snowfall at Ardabil province stations. In Khalkhal, Meshkinshahr and Parsabad stations, annual decrease in number of snow days is observed in annual scale. The 6th-order polynomial model predicted snow days in Ardabil station rather than other models. T-test results of two independent samples for snow days of the studied stations showed that significant value in Levenechr('39')s test was greater than 0.05, so the assumption of equality of variances cannot be rejected. The significant value of T test for equality of means indicates that in Ardebil and Khalkhal stations, the assumption of equality is confirmed, but in Khalkhal and Parsabad stations the assumption is rejected. At Parsabad station, the number of snowy days was significantly inversely correlated with the Atlantic oceanenic-atmospheric patterns. Results showed that the snowy days in synoptic stations of Ardabil province have a higher and more significant correlation with atmospheric-oceanic patterns of the Pacific Ocean than atmospheric-oceanic patterns of the Atlantic Ocean. At Ardabil, Khalkhal, Meshkinshahr and Parsabad stations, 48%, 90%, 99% and 49% of the changes in snowy days were explained by the atmospheric-oceanic patterns of the Atlantic Ocean, respectively. The results showed that in Ardabil station, NINO3.4, ONI, TNI and NINO1+2 patterns, in Meshkinshahr station, NP pattern and in Parsabad station, NEI, PNA, NP, NINO3.4 and NINO1+2 patterns, explained the highest percentage of changes by the number of snowy days of these stations with atmospheric-oceanic patterns of the Pacific Ocean. The results also showed that in Ardabil station, WHWP, NTA and AMM patterns, in Khalkhal station, WHWP, TSA and AMM patterns, AMO, CAR and TNA, in Meshkinshahr station, WHWP, ATLTRI, AMM and TNA patterns and in Parsabad station, The AMO pattern explained the highest percentage of changes by the number of snowy days of these stations with atmospheric-oceanic patterns of the Atlantic Ocean
 
 
Conclusions
Among synoptic station of Ardabil provinec, Khalkhal station has more significant correlation with Atmospheric-ocemic patterns of Pacific ocean. In Ardabil provinec, Atmosphoric-oceanic patterns of Atlantic ocean, determine variability of snowdays of Khalkhal and Meshkinshahr synoptic stotions more than Ardabil and Parsabad synoptic stations. The results of T-test of two independent samples showed that the difference of mean of snow days in all the studied stations in the two study periods were not significantly different from each other and it can not be claimed that the number of snow days in the studied stations has been affected by climate change. Distribution of correlation values of snow days in the studied stations with Atlantic and Pacific atmospheric patterns showed that in most of the studied models, correlation of snow days with selected patterns increased from south to north of Ardabil province.
Keywords: Ardabil province, Atmospheric oceanic patterns, Multiple regression, Snow days.
Full-Text [PDF 1215 kb]   (535 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/11/24 | Accepted: 2021/01/21 | Published: 2022/05/23
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Salahi B. Detection of relationship between snowy days in Ardabil province with bi-seasonal fluctuations of large-scale Atmospheric-Oceanic circulation patterns of Atlantic & pacific oceans. جغرافیایی 2022; 22 (77) :139-159
URL: http://geographical-space.iau-ahar.ac.ir/article-1-3578-en.html


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