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:: Volume 23, Issue 84 (12-2023) ::
جغرافیایی 2023, 23(84): 39-59 Back to browse issues page
Spatio-temporal trend of Land surface temperature (LST) changes of day and nighttime in Iran
Mostafa Karimi * 1, Sousan Heidari1 , Hadis Sadeghi1
1- Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran.
Abstract:   (503 Views)
Land Surface Temperature (LST) is one of the most important parameters of environmental and climatic conditions. Therefore, this study is to investigate the trend change of day and nighttime LST in ​​Iran at a monthly and annual scale. To achieve this goal, the monthly products of MODIS sensor, Aqua satellite for day and nighttime with a spatial resolution of 5 km were obtained from USGS from 2020 through 2003. Then a three-dimensional matrix with dimensions of 216 × 297 × 388, in which 297 × 388, the number of cells and 216 months, was created. Finally, the monthly and annual changes of these two parameters were performed using Mann-Kendall test. Although the average annual trend of day and nighttime LST is increasing, on a monthly basis, different patterns are observed. The LST at nighttime increased significantly in May and September and during the daytime in December, but in June, July and January both day and nighttime temperatures increased. In contrast, both in March and October had a decreased trend. There was also a decreasing trend in nighttime LST in February and daytime in April and November. The results showed that the nighttime LST increased more than the daytime temperature, which led to a decrease in the 24h temperature range. In the spatial dimension, the highest increasing trend was observed in the western and southwestern regions and the highest decreasing trend was observed in the central plateaus and southeastern. Another point is that the water areas undergoing change, such as Lake Urmia and the lakes of Fars province, have experienced a significant increase (decrease) in LST during the day (night). In addition to decreasing the range of 24h temperatures, due to the fact that in the northern and western half of the country the upward trend was more and in the center, east and southeast the decreasing trend of temperature was predominant, the amplitude of spatial temperature gradient also decreased.
Keywords: Temperature, Climate Change, Global Warming, Man-Kendall, Modis.
Full-Text [PDF 2401 kb]   (148 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/05/17 | Accepted: 2022/01/18 | Published: 2024/04/30
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Karimi M, Heidari S, Sadeghi H. Spatio-temporal trend of Land surface temperature (LST) changes of day and nighttime in Iran. جغرافیایی 2023; 23 (84) :39-59
URL: http://geographical-space.iau-ahar.ac.ir/article-1-3862-en.html

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Volume 23, Issue 84 (12-2023) Back to browse issues page
فضای جغرافیایی Geographic Space
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